GLOSSARY OF DOCTRINAL TERMS

Rev. Thomas Tyree, Jr., Pastor, Grace Bible Church of Costa Mesa, California

Copyright 1995-2014 Rev. Thomas Tyree, Jr., All Rights Reserved


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Select the first letter of the word from the list above to jump to appropriate section of the glossary.


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- A -

Adam - The Hebrew word meaning "man." The first human created by God.
 
Adam’s Original Sin - Disobedience to God's mandate in the Garden of Eden. Adam ate the forbidden fruit resulting in spiritual death. Consequently, Adam's corrupt nature (see Sin Nature and Seminal) and spiritual death were passed to all mankind (see Spiritual Death).
 
Age of Accountability - The point at which a person becomes conscious of God and able to understand the Gospel (see God Consciousness).
 
Ambassador for Christ - The believer as a personal representative for the Lord Jesus Christ on earth.
 
Amillennialism - An erroneous theological belief which denies the existence of a Millennium either before or after the Second Advent of Christ.
 
Ananias - Ananias was a high priest appointed by Herod, king of Chalcis about 48 A.D. He was sent to Rome to explain violence between the Jews and Samaritans. He was acquitted of any guilt through the influence of Agrippa and returned to Jerusalem. Jonathan, the former high priest, was associated with him politically. Jonathan was murdered about 59 A.D. Ananias was deposed by Agrippa and was subsequently murdered in the year 67 A.D.
 
Angel - From the Greek word meaning "messenger." Spirit-beings created by God and superior in power and intellect to mankind. Messengers to mankind.
 
Angelic Conflict - The unseen conflict in which the forces of Satan are warring against the forces of God.
 
Angelology - The doctrine of angels. The branch of theology having to do with angels.
 
Anthropology - The doctrine of man. The scientific study of the origin, the behavior, and the physical, social, and cultural development of human beings. That part of Christian teaching concerning the genesis, nature, and future of human beings.
 
Anthropomorphism - Attributing human motivation, characteristics, or behavior to inanimate objects, animals, or natural phenomena. Ascribing some human physical characteristics to God which He does not actually possess such as "eyes of God," "hand of God," "arm of the Lord," etc. Designed to explain God's policies, thoughts, acts, and decisions in terms of human language so that man can have a frame of reference. This is the language of accommodation to express the divine essence and capabilities to man in man's vocabulary and language.
 
Anthropopathism - Attributing human feelings, passions and thoughts to things not human such as inanimate objects, animals, or natural phenomena in terms of man's feelings, passions and thoughts. Ascribing human feelings or emotions to God such as repenting, grieving, anger, etc. Designed to explain God's policies, thoughts, acts, and decisions in terms of human language so that man can have a frame of reference. This is the language of accommodation to express the divine attitude to man in man's vocabulary and language.
 
Anti-Semitism - Hostility in thought or action toward or prejudice against Jews or Judaism. This includes discrimination against Jews.
 
Area Of Weakness - The area of the sin nature which tempts the believer to personal sin. Temptation becomes sin only when the volition acquiesces to temptation.
 
Area Of Strength - The area of the sin nature which generates human good or dead works. (See Human Good)
 
Arrogance - Thinking only of yourself. Thinking you are better than anyone else. Satan's original sin.
 
Atonement, Unlimited  - Jesus Christ’s universal payment for the sins of the entire human race in the Cross.
 
Attributes of God - The nature or essential being of the person of God. The individual qualities or characteristics which are intrinsic to the essence of God (see Essence of God).
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Baptism - Identification with.
 
Baptism of the Holy Spirit - A ministry of the Holy Spirit at the moment of salvation whereby the Church Age believer is placed into union with Christ, making that person a member of the body of Christ.
 
Believe - To accept as truth what God tells us; faith in action.
 
Believer - A person who has received Jesus Christ as personal Savior as in John 1:12.
 
Bible - The written Word of God; the mind of Christ.
 
Bible Doctrine - Information from God, including the Gospel for the unbeliever; instructions, directions, and principles for the believer's life derived from Scriptures; what God wants us to know; the Word of God; the mind of Christ.
 
Bibliology - The Doctrine of the Bible.
 
Biological Life - Consists of cell tissue, genetic makeup, and the functions necessary to sustain living material. Biological life is physical and mortal and does not include a soul, which is immaterial and immortal. Biological life is not human life.
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- C -

Canon - The books of the Bible recognized as genuine and inspired by God.
 
Carnality - The state of being out of fellowship with God because of unconfessed sin in the life. In carnality the believer loses the filling of the Holy Spirit and the sin nature controls the life. The sin nature controls the life of the believer who "grieves" and "quenches" the Holy Spirit (Ephesians. 4:30; 1 Thess. 5:19). (Antonym: spirituality)

Categories - Classification of Biblical doctrine according to its subject matter.

Chaos - The condition of disorder and destruction that existed on the earth after Satan's judgment.

Chain-sinning - The result of allowing a past grievance or sin to generate further sins. As one or more sins build on previous sins a destructive sequence unfolds.

Christology - That branch of theology which concerns the person and work of Jesus Christ, particularly as revealed in the Old Testament.

Christophany - An appearance of Christ in bodily form before His incarnation.

Codex 1, 2, and 3 - The three codes of the Mosaic Law. Codex #1 is the "Magna Carta of human freedom" as seen in Exodus 20:1-17 and Deuteronomy 5:1-21. The Ten Commandments include morality only because morality sets up boundaries of human freedom. Codex #2 demonstrates the maximum use of human freedom in personally believing in Jesus Christ. This portion of the Mosaic Law includes Scripture relating to Christ and His time here in the earth as in Exodus 25-31. Codex #3 presents the Laws of Divine Establishment and how they bless a national entity as presented in Exodus 21-25.

Common Grace - General blessings from God to all mankind including the benefits of the natural bounties which sustain all life on earth, the restraint of sin by the Holy Spirit, and the Spirit's function as a human spirit (lost at the fall of Adam) so the spiritual information of the Gospel is comprehensible to the unbeliever. A doctrine term coined by R. B. Thieme, Jr. of Berachah Church in Houston.

Confess - The method of restoring the believer's fellowship with God by naming all known sins privately to God the Father through application of 1 John 1:9. A mandate to every believer from God. The means of going completely and absolutely from carnality to spirituality by recovering the filling of the Holy Spirit (see Spirituality). Confession is the only entrance point into the Fellowship Sphere for Time.

Corinth - The city guarded the isthmus into the peninsula province of Achaia. The isthmus was about eight miles long and three to seven miles wide. Corinth was important as a fortress and commercial center. Ship owners often transported their cargo across the isthmus rather than ship it around the peninsula. Small vessels were taken across the isthmus on rollers without unloading. It became one of the wealthiest cities in the Empire. The worship of the city was that of Aphrodite, the goddess of love. The hill behind the city rose to a height of more than 1,000 feet. On the top was the temple of Aphrodite. There were 1,000 priestesses who dressed in white robes, but lived in vice and sin in the city below.

Creationism - The theological view that God creates each human soul directly; distinguishes between the origin of man’s soul and the origin of his body.

Crucifixion - A Roman form of capital punishment which by the time of Christ became the 'slave's' punishment; the hands and feet were bound or nailed to a cross-beam; this is the death Christ died as our substitute.

Cycles of Discipline -

First Cycle of Discipline: Loss of health, decline of agricultural prosperity, terror, fear and death in combat, loss of personal freedoms due to negative volition toward Bible doctrine (Lev. 26:14-17).

Second Cycle of Discipline: Economic recession and depression, increased personal and individual discipline for continued negative attitude in spite of the first warning (Lev. 26:18-20).

Third Cycle of Discipline: Violence and breakdown of law and order; cities broken up (Lev. 26:21, 22).

Fourth Cycle of Discipline: Military conquest and foreign occupation, scarcity of food (reduced to one-tenth of the normal supply), the breaking up of families (Lev. 26:23-26). See also Deut. 28:15-48, where the listing of the five cycles is not progressive, but is specified as part of the same curse.

Fifth Cycle of Discipline: Destruction of a nation due to maximum rejection of Biblical principles (Lev. 26:23-39). Deut. 28:49 begins the description of the Fifth Cycle of Discipline.

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Devil - From the Greek word meaning "accuser, adversary"; Satan, the enemy of God, the elect angels, and all believers; first known as Lucifer.

Deity - The character or nature of God. Jesus Christ true humanity and undiminished deity (see Hypostatic Union).

Demonology - The doctrine of demons or fallen angels.

Dialectic Materialism - The Marxian interpretation of reality that views matter as the sole subject of change and all change as the product of a constant conflict between opposites arising from the internal contradictions inherent in all events, ideas, and movements. A basic doctrine of Communism.

Dispensations - A period of time in which God specifies a way of life for believers and reveals to unbelievers through revelation and activity which He authorizes, that man is incapable of having fellowship with God. The divine outline of history or the divine interpretation of human history. The dispensations of human history and the future of mankind include the Age of the Gentiles, the Age of the Jews, the Church Age, the Tribulation, and the Millennium.

Divine Good - Good Christian service or deeds performed by a believer who is filled with the Holy Spirit. This is the opposite of human good.

Divine Decree - God's eternal, holy, wise, and sovereign purpose comprehending simultaneously all things that ever were or will be in their causes, conditions, successions, relations, and determining their certain futurition. A doctrine term coined by R. B. Thieme, Jr. of Berachah Church in Houston.

Divine Essence - Characteristics or attributes of the Godhead. What God is like. A doctrine term coined by R. B. Thieme, Jr. of Berachah Church in Houston.

Divine Establishment, Laws of - Principles set up by God for the protection, orderly function, survival and perpetuation of the human race during the period of the angelic conflict. A doctrine term coined by R. B. Thieme, Jr. of Berachah Church in Houston.

Divine Good - Christian service or deeds performed by a believer who is filled with the Holy Spirit. This is the opposite of human good.

Divine Institutions - Principles set up by God under the Laws of divine Establishment for the perpetuation of the human race. They are: 1) Volition which is the free will basis of freedom, 2) Marriage which is the stabilizer of the human race, 3) Family which is the basis for an orderly society, and 4) Nationalism which is the basis for privacy, protection of rights, and freedom. A doctrine term coined by R. B. Thieme, Jr. of Berachah Church in Houston.

Divine Judgment - God's punishment for those who disobey Him.

Doctrine - Teaching.

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- E -

Ecclesiology - The doctrine of the Church. The Church is the organized local church and universal church as the body of Christ.
 
Efficacious Grace - A specific ministry of the Holy Spirit whereby the faith of a spiritually dead person is acknowledged and made effective for salvation. Without the work of the Holy Spirit the volition of an unbeliever could never result in eternal life. A doctrine term coined by R. B. Thieme, Jr. of Berachah Church in Houston.
 
Elect Angel - Spirit-beings who obeyed God and refused to follow Satan.
 
Elohim - Plural Hebrew word meaning unity of the Trinity. All three persons of the Trinity.
 
Eschatology - The branch of theology that is concerned with the end of the world or of mankind. The study of all Scriptures which were predictive when written and the completion of the plan of the ages. The doctrine of "last things."
 
Essence of God - The nature or essential being of the person of God. The individual qualities or characteristics which are intrinsic to the essence of God (same as Attributes of God).
 
Eternal - Having no beginning or ending.
 
Eternal Life - The attribute of God that describes His absolute existence outside the boundaries of time. An everlasting relationship with God reserved in heaven for every person the moment they express faith in Jesus Christ as their Savior.

Eternal Security - Based on God’s character, believers in union with Christ cannot lose their salvation.

Euroquilo - This Greek word means a tempestuous northeast wind. It blows in the early spring and was considered the most violent wind in the Mediterranean. This word is often confused with EUROCLYDON in different Bible translations.

Euroclydon - This was a Greek word used in Acts 27:14 which is a tempestuous wind which blows from the southeast or the east. This word is often confused with EURAQUILO in different Bible translations.

Eve - From the Hebrew word meaning "Mother of all Living." The woman God made from Adam's rib.

Exegesis - The grammatical, etymological interpretation of Scripture from its original languages.

Exodus - God's deliverance of Israel from their slavery in Egypt to their new home in the Promised Land.

Expiation - The removal of the penalty of sin.

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- F -

Faith - A non meritorious system of perception based on confidence and trust in the authority and veracity of God. Confident belief in the truth. Belief and trust in God.
 
Faith-Rest - Mixing the promises of God with faith which is believing God and His Word as seen in Hebrews 4:1-2. This problem-solving capability is used more correctly and consistently as the believer approaches spiritual maturity. A doctrine term coined by R. B. Thieme, Jr. of Berachah Church in Houston.

Faith-Rest Life - That function of the Christian in which Biblical promises and doctrines resident in the soul are applied to experience. The faith-rest life is not limited to claiming God's promises, but also includes thinking the divine viewpoint of life. The faith-rest life claims God's promises through faith and claims God's blessings through consistent metabolization and application of Bible doctrine resident in the soul. A doctrine term coined by R. B. Thieme, Jr. of Berachah Church in Houston.

Fallen Angel - Spirit-beings who disobeyed God and followed Satan.
 
Felix - Felix was a freedman of the emperor Claudius. He was appointed procurator of Judea. It appears that for a while he ruled jointly with a man by the name of Cumanus. By 52 A.D., he was the sole procurator. He seems to have obtained this appointment partly through the influence of his brother Pallas who was well known at the court of Claudius, Felix was a cruel and tyrannical ruler. Felix' wife was a Jewess whom he had seduced from her lawful husband. Her name was Drusilla. She was present at Paul's interview with Felix. He was succeeded by Porcius Festus.
 
Festus - Festus succeeded Felix as procurator of Judea in the reign of Nero about 60 A.D. During his rule, there was much murdering and pillaging. The forces of Festus routed an imposter from the wilderness after killing many of his followers. King Agrippa built a dining room onto the royal palace in Jerusalem. Because the windows overlooked the courts of the temple, the Jews were annoyed and built a wall to block the view. Because the Roman guards could no longer see the inner courts, Festus ordered it to be removed. When the Jews appealed to Nero, it was allowed to remain. Festus died in office and was succeeded by Albinus about 62 A.D. Albinus is not mentioned in the Scripture.
 
Fifth Cycle of Discipline - Destruction of a nation by God due to maximum rejection of Biblical principles (Lev. 26:23-39). (See Cycles of Discipline)
 
Filling of the Holy Spirit - The absolute status of being in fellowship with God commanded to every Church Age believer for the purpose of divine empowerment for the Christian life. The opportunity to use the enabling power of God the Holy Spirit to execute the Christian life. This condition may be lost through sinning, but is recovered through privately naming or acknowledging sins to God the Father (see Confession-Repentance)
 
Format Soul - The home for the immaterial soul, which is imparted God at birth. This format for the soul derives from the genes of both parents and develops as biological life in the cranial area of the fetus.
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- G -

Garden of Eden - The perfect place created by God where Adam and Eve before they sinned.

Gnosticism - False teaching which tries to reconcile Bible doctrine, philosophy, heathenism and Judaism. It claims all matter is evil (Plato).

God-Consciousness - Recognition of the existence of a Supreme Being.

God the Father - First Person of the Trinity; designed the plan of salvation for all mankind and a personal destiny for every believer; the Person to whom we pray

God the Holy Spirit - Third Person of the Trinity; helps us to learn Bible doctrine, live the Christian way of life, and please God.

God the Son - Jesus Christ, the Second Person of the Trinity, who became the unique God-Man, the Savior, who died on the cross as a substitute for everyone so those who believe in Him can live forever with God.

Grace - What God has done and will do for man because Christ died for them. Grace is undeserved and unmerited. God's unearned, undeserved love toward all human beings. The title of God's Plan for mankind. A free gift. Mankind through his own work can never accomplish or achieve the notice or favor of God.

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- H -

Hamartiology - A theological term for the study or doctrine of sin.

Hardening of the Heart - The development of "scar tissue" of the soul. Negative volition toward God or Bible doctrine results in hardening of the heart toward God and doctrine. Promiscuity, drug addiction. alcoholism, or any other frantic search for happiness hardens the heart which means that no meaningful soul activity with other people is possible. (See Scar Tissue of the Soul) A stage of carnality in which the believer becomes entrenched in some form of negative volition through reactor factors in the soul, leading to a frantic search for happiness and emotional revolt in the soul. This opens a vacuum into the soul (Ephesians. 4:17), which fills the left (perceptive) lobe with doctrines of demons and/or evil and results in the blackout of doctrine in the left lobe. This leads to hardness of the heart (Ephesians. 4:18) and therefore to total lack of soul capacity toward God.

Heart - The dominant or right lobe of the mentality of the soul where the conscience, norms and standards and viewpoint reside. (See Right Lobe)

Heathen - Anyone who does not believe in Jesus Christ for salvation.

Heathenism - Unbelief or rejection either at the point of God Consciousness or upon hearing the Gospel.

Heaven - The home of God and of all believers in eternity; the place of perfect happiness.

Heavens - The sun, moon, and stars; the galaxies and all the universe.

Hermeneutics - The science of Bible interpretation.

Herod Agrippa I - Herod Agrippa I was the son of Aristobulus and grandson of Herod the Great. He was educated in Rome but lack of funds led to his return to Judea. In 37 A.D., he made another journey to Rome to bring accusations against Herod the tetrarch. He remained in Rome making friends with influential people. Tiberias had him put in prison, but his friend Caius soon became the emperor Caligula and appointed him to be king over the tetrarchy which his late uncle Philip had governed. He also acquired the tetrarchy of Lysanias. In 39 A.D., the emperor banished Herod the tetrarch and added his tetrarchy (Galilee) to Agrippa's dominion. Agrippa returned to Rome and, because of successful political policies, Judea and Samaria were added to his kingdom. His kingdom equaled that of Herod the Great. He died in 44 A.D. at the age of 54. He left four children, three of which are mentioned in Scripture: Agrippa II, Bernice, and Drusilla.
 
Herod Agrippa II - He was the son of Herod Agrippa I and the great-grandson of Herod the Great. He was the brother of Bernice and Drusilla. When his father died, he was 17 years old and lived in Rome. When his uncle (Herod of Chalcis) died, he was appointed to assume his throne about 48 A.D. In 52 A.D., he was transferred from Chalcis to a larger area with headquarters in Jerusalem. He enlarged the palace at Jerusalem and beautified the city of Caesarea Philippi. It is believed that he practiced incest with his sister Bernice. His later years were spent with his sister in Rome. He died in 100 A.D.

Historical Trends - Even though history is the record of man's thoughts, decisions, actions and motivations, it is Jesus Christ who controls history. As goes the believer, so goes the historical trends at any point in any generation of the Church Age. Believers are not only the products of their own decisions, but the nation in which they reside is affected by their good or bad decisions. The pattern of historical adherence to the Laws of Divine Establishment and growth of the believers within that nation results in prosperity. The pattern of historical disaster from a nation's collective rejection of the Word of God begins with economic depression, moves to moral and immoral degeneracy, and ends in military disaster.

Homo Sapien - The Latin word for mankind.

Human Good - Good deeds produced under the control of the sin nature. The believer with unconfessed sin in his life is not spiritual but carnal (controlled by the sin nature). The good deeds of a carnal Christian are indistinguishable from good deeds performed by an unbeliever and have no spiritual value. This is the opposite of divine good.

Humanity - The character or nature of man. Jesus Christ is perfect and true humanity.

Human Life - The union of soul life and biological life at the moment the fetus emerges from the womb when God imparts the first "breath of life" (see Neshamah).

Human Spirit - The invisible part of the believer designed by God to understand, store, and apply Bible doctrine or spiritual phenomena. The human spirit, acquired at the moment of salvation, is also the home for eternal life.

Hypostatic Union - The union of undiminished deity and true humanity in the person of Jesus Christ forever. Both natures are inseparably united without loss or mixture of separate identity, without loss or transfer of properties or attributes, the union being personal and eternal. A doctrine term first coined by the late R. B. Thieme, Jr., Pastor of Berachah Church in Houston.

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"ICE" Teaching - Includes isagogics, categories, and exegesis. The fundamental requirement for correct teaching of the Word of God or "rightly dividing the Word of Truth."

Image Of God - The immaterial, invisible essence of mankind. The pattern God used to create mankind was Himself. Our essence includes volition, emotion, self-consciousness, conscience, and mentality.

Immanence - A theological term used to describe God as ubiquitous and pervasive in His creation, in history, in all the affairs of mankind.

Immediate Creation - The direct creative act of God apart from intermediate agents or means. Adam was created immediately by God, as is the soul of every human being.

Immutability - One of the attributes of God that describes His inability to change. He is not susceptible to or capable of change. He is absolute, unalterable stability.

Immutable - Unchangeable.

Impeccability - Christ was sinless while on earth because He had no sin nature or imputed sin and never committed any acts of personal sin.

Imputation - The judicial act of crediting a debit or credit to someone's account. The condemnation of Adam's original sin is given to each person at birth. The act of God whereby He credits perfect righteousness to the believer in Christ. God's eternal life is also credited to each person at the moment of faith in Jesus Christ.

Impute - To assign or credit something to someone.

Incarnation - God becoming flesh and taking the form of man. The time Jesus Christ, the second person of the Trinity, lived on the earth in hypostatic union. (see Hypostatic Union).

Indwelling of the Holy Spirit - A permanent status acquired at the moment of salvation by every Church Age believer which transforms the body into a temple for the simultaneous indwelling of Jesus Christ (see Shekinah Glory).

Inspiration - God so supernaturally directed the writers of Scripture that without waiving their human intelligence, literary style, or personal feelings, or any other human factor, His complete and coherent message to man was recorded with perfect accuracy, the very words of the original Scripture bearing the authority of divine authorship.

Integrity of God - The combination of the divine attributes of righteousness and justice to form God's holiness. The totality of divine perfection.

Isagogics - The interpretation of the Bible in its historical setting.

Israel - The Old Testament nation; God's chosen people, the Jews.

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- J -

Jehovah - A title of God derived from the sacred Tetragrammaton (four letters). Refers to all three members of the Trinity.

Jesus Christ - The Son of God; the Second Person of the Trinity's name after the Incarnation.

Jews - God's chosen people; race of people descended from Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

Justice - The attribute of God that describes His infinite fairness in blessing, reward, judgment, and condemnation.

Justification - The judicial act of God whereby He imputes His righteousness to everyone who believes in Jesus Christ and declares them righteous.

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Kenosis - Christ surrendered the independent use of His divine attributes during His incarnation without emptying Himself of His deity. He relied entirely on the Holy Spirit while in His humanity.
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Lake of Fire - The final abode for all unbelievers and fallen angels who remain eternally condemned and separated from God in a place of eternal burning and punishment originally created for Satan and the fallen angels. This is the final destination of all unbelievers who are sentenced by the Lord Jesus Christ at the Last Judgment (Matt 25:41; of., Rev. 20:1:15).
 
Last Judgment - The unbeliever's separation from God for all eternity also called the Second Death (Rev. 20:11).
 
Laws of Divine Establishment - Principles set up by God for the protection, orderly function, survival and perpetuation of the human race during the period of the angelic conflict. A doctrine term coined by R. B. Thieme, Jr. of Berachah Church in Houston.
 
Legalism - Any attempt to win God's favor or to gain salvation or spirituality by human merit or effort.
 
Logistical Grace - God's complete provision of every physical and spiritual need for every believer regardless of their spiritual status. Logistical grace keeps the believer alive, provides access to Bible doctrine, and enables him to grow spiritually in the devil's world. A doctrine term coined by R. B. Thieme, Jr. of Berachah Church in Houston. (Same as Sustaining Grace)
 
Love - God's attitude of esteem and regard toward Himself and His concern, mercy, and benevolence toward His created beings.
 
Lucifer - From the Hebrew word meaning "bright, morning star;" the angel who guarded the throne of God; the name of Satan before he sinned.
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Mediate Creation - The indirect creative act of God through intermediate agents or means. All biological life since the original creation of Adam has been formed mediately through human procreation.

Mediator - One who is equal with both parties of a mediation and therefore acts as a go-between.

Messiah - Literally means "the Anointed One" in Hebrew, parallel to "Christ" in Greek, indicating Jesus' offices of prophet, priest, and king to Israel.

Millennium - The last 1,000 literal years of human history in which the Lord Jesus Christ will reign and produce perfect environment on the earth immediately following the Tribulation and His Second Coming.

Modus Operandi - Latin word meaning method of operation.

Mosaic Law - A legal system that established policy for ethical, spiritual and civil life within the Old Testament nation of Israel.

Moses - The man God chose to lead the Jews out of slavery in Egypt and to whom He gave the Ten Commandments and the Law; human author of the first five books of the Old Testament.

Mount Sinai - The mountain where God spoke to the nation Israel and gave Moses the Ten Commandments.

Mystery - Bible doctrine hidden from those living prior to the Church Age (Old Testament believers) but now revealed through the Canon of Scripture (the New Testament of the Bible).

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Necromancy - The practice of attempting communicating with the spirits of the dead in order to seek information or to predict the future.

Neshamah - Hebrew word for the "breath of life" from God which imparts the human soul to the mediately formed human body at birth (Gen. 2:7).

New Testament - The second part of the Bible from Matthew to Revelation. God's message after Jesus Christ was born.

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Old Sin Nature - The source of sin, human good, and evil. The flawed character possessed by every human being which tempts us to sin. The old sin nature is an integral part of every human being which resides in the cell structure of the human body as seen in Romans 6:6 and Romans 7:5,18. The old sin nature was acquired originally by Adam at his fall and is transmitted only by the male sperm that fertilizes the female ovum (Genesis 5:3). The result is both spiritual death and total depravity of all humanity and the sovereignty of the sin nature over human life (Rom. 6:12). Jesus Christ was unique humanity because He was born as a result of the Holy Spirit fertilizing Mary (virgin pregnancy leading to the virgin birth). Because no male human contributed any chromosomes, the old sin nature was not passed on. Therefore, Jesus Christ was born without an old sin nature.

The old sin nature is composed of an area of strength which produces human good, an area of weakness which produces personal sins, trends toward legalism or antinomianism, and lust patterns. The old sin nature is also called the "old man" in Ephesians 4:22; the "flesh" in Romans 8:3-4; the principle of "sin" in Romans 7:8-20. (Same as Sin Nature).

Old Testament - The first part of the Bible from Genesis to Malachai. God’s message before Jesus was born.

Omnipotence - Having unlimited or universal power, authority, or force. All powerful. One of God's attributes of unlimited power and authority to accomplish anything He wills.

Omnipresence - God's presence everywhere in the universe simultaneously. One of God's attributes of eternal and simultaneous presence in every place. He is not subject to the limitations of space and time. (see Immanence and Transcendence).

Omniscience - Total knowledge. One of God's attributes of infinite and eternal knowledge of all things past, present, and future which either have happened, could happen, or will happen including all of the possible alternatives.

Operation Footstool - The termination of the strategic victory of the angelic conflict by which the Lord Jesus Christ returns to the earth to establish His kingdom and to remove Satan and all fallen angels. It constitutes a coup d'etat whereby Satan loses the rulership of the world to the Lord Jesus Christ as seen in Psalm 110:1, Ephesians 1:22, Hebrews 1:13, and Hebrews 10:13.

 
The Oracle at Ephesus - Above the city of Ephesus was the Temple of Diana which was considered the most beautiful building in Asia. It was regarded as one of the wonders of the world. The idol was an ugly figure and resembled an Egyptian mummy. The worshipers of this goddess accepted the popular legend that it had fallen from Heaven and looked upon it with great respect. Ephesus was corrupt, rich, and full of idolatry. Its religion had been commercialized. There were magicians, sorcerers, and all kinds of immorality practiced in the name of religion.
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Parable - A short, fictitious narrative which illustrates a principle of Bible doctrine.

Phallic Cult - A system of religion practiced in the groves which involved idolatry and fornication in the worship of Baal and the other members of the Canaanitish pantheon (Exod 34:12-16; Lev 18;1 Kgs.14:15; 2 Chron. 33:3; Jer. 17:2, etc.).

Physical Death - When the body stops working and the soul separates from the body.

Pneumatology - The doctrine of the person and work of the Holy Spirit.

Positional Truth - The doctrine that every believer is placed into union with Jesus Christ by the Holy Spirit at the point of salvation resulting in every believer being "in Christ."

Prodigal - A reckless and extravagantly wasteful person.

Progress of Revelation - God's revelation of Himself to man has been gradual through time and is now completed in the Bible.

Propitiation - To be satisfied. An aspect of the saving work of God through the spiritual death of Jesus Christ on the Cross whereby the justice and righteousness of God are satisfied concerning the sins of mankind. God the Father was propitiated by the work of Jesus Christ on the Cross.

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Rapture - The resurrection, rendezvous, or meeting of all dead and living Church Age believers from the earth at the end of the present age, the Church Age. All Church Age believers will physically meet the Lord in the air and receive their resurrection bodies. These believers constitute the Bride of Christ as stated in 1 Thessalonians 4:14-17. The Rapture will signal the end of the Church Age and the beginning of the Tribulation.

Reconciliation - The sum total of all that Christ did on the Cross in removing the insurmountable barrier and natural antagonism between God and sinful man. God is propitiated - man is reconciled. This is the manward side of the Cross. Reconciliation removes the barrier between God’s perfect righteousness and man’s personal sin, the penalty of sin, man's position in Adam, man’s physical birth, and man's relative righteousness (Rom. 5:11).

Redemption - The saving work of Jesus Christ on the Cross whereby all humanity is bought from the slave market of sin in which they were born and delivered to the freedom of grace. Jesus Christ paid the ransom by His blood, which represents His spiritual death on the Cross as seen in 1 Peter 1:18-19. Redemption is realized when a person is born again by faith alone in Christ alone. For more information, see the doctrine of Redemption.

Reflex Motility - Neuromuscular movement of the fetus in the womb which results from the functional state of sensory nerves and their endings, coupled with the function of intermediate and motor nerve cells. Common examples are the knee-jerk reflex, the Moro reflex, and swallowing reflex. Soul life is not required for fetal movement.

Regeneration - The theological term for spiritual birth or being "born again" at the point of salvation. The imputation of eternal life at the moment anyone believes in Jesus Christ for eternal salvation. A regenerate person passes from spiritual death to spiritual life.

Relative Righteousness - Man's standards are adequate only in comparison or relative to other humans, but are totally inadequate when compared to God's absolute or perfect standards.

Religion - Man, by his own efforts, trying to gain salvation or the approbation of God. Religion is the Devil "'ace trump."

Repentance - A complete change of mental attitude.

Resurrection - A theological term that means to be physically raised from the dead and to receive an immortal body just like that received by Jesus Christ upon His resurrection. Resurrection is in contrast to resuscitation, in which a dead person is restored alive to his mortal body but subsequently dies again.

Restoration - God's act of remaking the earth after Lucifer sinned and destroyed it. The remade earth was a perfect environment for the human race.

Revelation - God's message to mankind about Himself and His plan for believers.

Reversionism - Continual carnality of the believer. This is a recession from any stage of spiritual growth and is characterized by negative volition toward doctrine, emotional revolt of the soul, apostasy, and scar tissue of the soul. A doctrine term coined by R. B. Thieme, Jr. of Berachah Church in Houston.

Righteousness - The attribute of God that describes the absolute perfection of His character and Person.

Right Lobe - The dominant lobe of the mentality of the soul designated by the Greek word KARDIA (usually translated "heart"), in contrast to the left or perceptive lobe - NOUS - which is a staging area only for knowledge. The right lobe has five areas. The first is the frame of reference with its memory center which is the final storage place for all knowledge and is the basis for learning new knowledge. The second is the conscience where your norms and standards reside. The third area is your vocabulary in which categories are formed. The fourth area is viewpoint where we use vocabulary, conscience, and your frame of reference which leads to a viewpoint of life on any given subject. The fifth area of the soul is a "launching pad" for application of Bible doctrine to your life. A doctrine term coined by R. B. Thieme, Jr. of Berachah Church in Houston.

Royal Family of God - A Biblical term derived from the term "sons of God" and describes the familial relationship between God and the believer. Every believer is related to the kingly lineage of Jesus Christ through the new birth (Same as the Church and the Body of Christ). A doctrine term coined by R. B. Thieme, Jr. of Berachah Church in Houston.

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Sanctification - A state of being set apart unto God. The English terms saint, sanctify, and holy are derived from the same Greek root.
 
Satan - From the Hebrew word meaning "accuser"; the enemy of God, the elect angels, and all Christians; the leader of the fallen angels.
 
Scar Tissue - The concept of "hardening of the heart." Negative volition toward God or Bible doctrine puts scar tissue on the soul whereby the heart becomes "hardened" toward God and doctrine. Promiscuity, drug addiction. alcoholism, or any other frantic search for happiness puts scar tissue on the soul which means that no meaningful soul activity with other people is possible. A stage of reversionism in which the believer becomes entrenched in some form of negative volition through reactor factors in the soul, leading to a frantic search for happiness and emotional revolt in the soul. This opens a vacuum into the soul (Ephesians. 4:17), which fills the left (perceptive) lobe with doctrines of demons and/or evil and results in the blackout of doctrine in the left lobe. This leads to the accumulation of scar tissue on the right lobe or hardness of the heart (Ephesians. 4:18) and therefore to total lack of soul capacity toward God.
 
Second Advent - The doctrine that Jesus Christ, who left earth and ascended to the Father, will one day again personally return to this earth in power and glory. His return will signal the end of the Tribulation and the beginning of the Millennium.

Second Death - The entrance of all unbelievers and fallen angels into the Lake of Fire at the end of the Great White Throne Judgement immediately following the Millennial reign of Jesus Christ on the Earth. All of those found in God's Book of Life (believers in Jesus Christ as their personal Savior) are promised by God that the second death has no claim on them.

Seminal - Seminal presence in Adam means we were all present with Adam because we are all genetically derived from him- we are his seed. Therefore, the entire human race was present when Adam sinned, which resulted in depravity of the nature of mankind. We all share Adam's corrupt nature.

Senatus Populusque Romanus - Latin for "The Senate and people of Rome."

Serpent - The beautiful creature in the garden of Eden that Satan used to convince Eve to disobey God.

Shekinah Glory - As the visible manifestation of God’s glory, the Second Person of the Trinity dwelt with Israel in the sacred Tabernacle or Temple. His presence in the Holy of Holies was demonstrated by a brilliant cloud in the daytime above the Tabernacle and a pillar of fire at nighttime.

Sin - To think, say, or do what God says is wrong whether you know it is wrong or whether you were unaware of what God says is wrong. To break one of God's rules, to say no to God, or to disobey God in any way. Any mental, verbal, or overt activity that violates the character and standards of God.

Sin Nature - The source of sin, human good, and evil. The flawed character possessed by every human being which tempts us to sin. The sin nature is an integral part of every human being which resides in the cell structure of the human body as seen in Romans 6:6 and Romans 7:5,18. The sin nature was acquired originally by Adam at his fall and is transmitted only by the male sperm that fertilizes the female ovum (Genesis 5:3). The result is both spiritual death and total depravity of all humanity and the sovereignty of the sin nature over human life (Rom. 6:12). Jesus Christ was unique humanity because He was born as a result of the Holy Spirit fertilizing Mary (virgin pregnancy leading to the virgin birth). Because no male human contributed any chromosomes, the sin nature was not passed on. Therefore, Jesus Christ was born without a sin nature. The sin nature is composed of an area of strength which produces human good, an area of weakness which produces personal sins, trends toward legalism or antinomianism, and lust patterns. The sin nature is also called the "old man" in Ephesians 4:22; the "flesh" in Romans 8:3-4; the principle of "sin" in Romans 7:8-20. (Same as Old Sin Nature)

Slave Market of Sin - The spiritually dead human race born in bondage to sin. For more information, see the doctrine of Redemption.

Son of God - A title for the deity of Jesus Christ who became a perfect man and died on the cross for the sins of mankind.

Soteriology - A Theological term for the entire saving work of Jesus Christ. The doctrine of the Plan of Salvation.

Soul - The real you that is invisible and never dies; the ability to recognize yourself, to think, to feel, to know right from wrong, and to choose to do right or wrong.

Soul Life - The life created by God and imparted immediately to the fetus at birth.

Sovereignty - One of God’s attributes that describes His supreme authority and rule over all He creates.

Spark of Life - That immediate impartation by God of soul life into the newly born child; "the breath of life" breathed into the "nostrils" that generates human life (Gen. 2:7).

Spiritual Death - Separation from God. The inability to have a relationship with God as in Ephesians 2:1. Because of Adam's original sin, every human being is born separated from God because of God the Father’s imputation of the penalty of Adam's original sin to the genetically formed sin nature, thus making every human being except Jesus Christ, incapable of satisfying His perfect righteousness. Only through faith in Christ can a person be born again and receive God’s very own righteousness thereby becoming spiritually alive. To provide salvation, Christ suffered the unique spiritual death of the Cross, where the Father imputed all the personal sins of the human race to Him and judged them. He was judged for our personal sins on the Cross: "He (God the Father) made Him (Jesus) to be sin for us" (2 Corinthians 5:21. Of the rest of the human race, as we are born condemned, the natural progeny of fallen Adam: "the wages of sin (Adam's original sin) is death (divine condemnation, not physical death) (Rom. 6:23; of. Rom. 5:12; Gen. 2: 17).

Spirituality - The state of a believer who is in fellowship with God through the use of confession-repentance which always results in the filling of the Holy Spirit. Spirituality is an absolute. One cannot EVER be partially spiritual. Either you are entirely filled with the Holy Spirit or you are completely controlled by the Old Sin Nature (Carnality).

Strategic Victory of the Cross - A military term that is applied to Bible doctrine. Phase One of the strategic victory was the death, burial, resurrection, ascension, and session of Jesus Christ as the Victor in the Angelic Conflict. Phase Two of the strategic victory will be the Second Advent of Jesus Christ, the overthrow of Satan and crowning of the King. The believer is identified with the strategic victory of Phase One through positional truth at the point of salvation. The Church is identified with the second stage of the strategic victory by her return with Christ in resurrection bodies at the end of the tribulation to begin the Millennial reign of Jesus Christ here in the earth. A doctrine term coined by R. B. Thieme, Jr. of Berachah Church in Houston.

Super-Grace - The initial stage of spiritual maturity in which the believer first lives the normal Christian life and functions under his royal priesthood. The place of maximum utilization of grace in either adversity or prosperity and the area of reaping what God sows. Characterized by occupation with Christ, super-grace capacities (freedom, life, love, happiness, prosperity, adversity), and super-grace blessings (promotion, wealth, success, social life, right man or right woman, etc.). The super-grace believer enjoys both temporal and spiritual blessings and, whether under prosperity or adversity, utilizes grace to the maximum through his knowledge of doctrine and continued intake of the Word of God. Super-grace is attainable by believers in every dispensation. A doctrine term coined by R. B. Thieme, Jr. of Berachah Church in Houston.

Sustaining Grace - God's complete provision of every physical and spiritual need for every believer regardless of their spiritual status. Sustaining grace keeps the believer alive, provides access to Bible doctrine, and enables him to grow spiritually in the devil's world. (Same as Logistical Grace)

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Taboo - A prohibition arbitrarily imposed by a religious or social group. Taboos are NOT the basis for assessing sin.

Tactical Victory - A military term for the victory the mature believer attains at the point of spiritual maturity. A doctrine term coined by R. B. Thieme, Jr. of Berachah Church in Houston.

Temptation - To try to persuade someone to do wrong.

Talmud - Title derived from the Hebrew LAMAD and means to teach. The collected written opinions of the Rabbis regarding tradition, civil and spiritual laws of Judaism and was recorded from 400 B.C. to 500 A.D.

Tetragrammaton - Literally means "four letters" and refers to the word JHWH, translated Jehovah or Yahweh. This proper name for God or Lord in the Old Testament is used when referring to either one or all members of the Trinity.

Theology - The doctrine or study of God.

Theophany - A manifestation or appearance of Christ in bodily form prior to His Incarnation. He is also called the Angel of Jehovah.

Traducianism - The theological view that the human soul is transmitted through human procreation.

Transcendence - A theological term used to describe God as independent of and beyond the spatial limits of the created universe. No particular place can contain Him.

Tribulation - A period of seven literal years on this earth beginning with the Rapture of the Church (the end of the Church Age) and ending with the Second Advent of Christ. The Tribulation will complete the Jewish Age which was interrupted by the Church Age.

Trichotomous - The believer is composed of three parts: body, soul, and spirit.

Trinity - The doctrine describing God as one in essence but three coequal, co-infinite, and coeternal persons - God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit.

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Unlimited Atonement - Jesus Christ’s universal payment for the sins of the entire human race in the Cross.

Unpardonable Sin - The sin of the rejection of the Lord Jesus Christ. The only sin to be judged at the Last Judgment.

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Veracity - One of the attributes of God that describes Him as absolute truth.

Vicarious - Substitutionary. Christ died on behalf of all mankind.

Volition - Free will. The ability to choose yes or no. The decision-maker of the soul.

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Witnessing - Fulfilling the divine commandment for believers to communicate God's plan of salvation to unbelievers on a personal basis.

Woman - From the Hebrew word meaning "out of man"; the name Adams wife before the Fall.

Word of God - The Bible. God's written message to everyone. The mind of Christ.

Worldliness - A mental attitude that excludes the person of Jesus Christ.

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